Climate Change and Animal Movement Integration in the Environmental Niche Model
Corresponding Author: Halil Emre KISLIOGLU
Received: 11.01.202
Accepted 11.01.202

Summary:
Changing precipitation and temperature patterns due to climate change, shift ecological niches which pose a challenge for species. Furthermore, it is still unclear that if climate change faster than the speed of the species to move to more suitable environments. Climate Envelope models are used extensively in this matter to predict species geographical distribution. In this study, climate data and animal movement strategies integrated into the environmental niche model to analyze the successes of the species that have different movement strategies under the changing climate conditions. Four different movement strategies are formulized; lazy knowledge strategy (LKS), lazy no knowledge strategy (LNKS), proactive knowledge (PKS) and proactive no knowledge strategy (PNKS). In this study, mean annual temperature and annual precipitation data gathered for the RCP8.5 scenario from the HadGEM2-ES GCM model at a 10-minute resolution. Results show that the PKS has the highest survival rates which makes it the most successful strategy. Furthermore, the species with knowledge had performed higher survival rates than the species without knowledge due to their skill to find the most suitable cells around them. One-Way Anova test confirmed that there are significant differences between the strategies. Moreover, the analysis suggests that the species with knowledge of their environment have the most successful strategies for facing the climate change

Graphical Abstract: