Corresponding Author: Alaeddin BOBAT
Alaeddin BOBAT
Received: 26.09.202
Accepted 05.10.202
Published 07.10.202

Hydroelectric power together with other renewables already accounts for about 50% of electricity demand, and there is much additional potential for growth. Turkey’s electric power demand has been developing steadily, averaging 8-10 % annual growth over the past 20 years. Turkey is rapidly growing in terms of both its economy and its population. In parallel, its demand for energy, particularly for electricity, is increasing fast.
Turkey’s hydraulic potential is 55,000 MW, and the share of hydraulic installed power has reached 31.647 MW from 11,175 MW in 2000 as of 31 December 2021. According to the Strategic Plan of the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources for 2019-2023, while the total installed capacity will be about 32.9% in 2023, but this figure has already been reached.In cooperation with the public - private sector, 743 Hydroelectric Power Plants (public +private) with an installed capacity of 31.647 MW and a power generation potential of 108.932 GWh/year have been completed and put into service. Construction of those made by the public from these facilities is carried out by the DSI (State Hydraulic Works) and their operation is transferred to EUAS (Electricity Generation Corporation), while those made by the private sector, except for the EMRA license, other (water Use agreement, project, construction, water structures acceptance, etc.) operations are performed by DSI.
From 743 facilities; 68 plants with an installed power of 13.766 MW with a power generation potential of 49 GWh/year by DSI; 675 plants with an installed power of 17.881 MW and a power generation potential of 60 GWh/year were built by the private sector and put into operation.
This study aims to overview the status of hydropower in 2021 data of Turkey.

Graphical Abstract: